Women Issues

Female Laborforce Participation in Turkey

By 04/25/2020No Comments

This is the abstract of a paper I presented at the Conference in , Gammarth Tunisia entitled  «Femmes du Sud, Femmes du Nord, Osons La Réussite»

The size and quality of the human capital in countries is one of the driving forces behind the economic and social development.The policies pursued and activities carried out recently in Turkey are being aware of the fact that women are the subject of the economic and social development and this has yielded an increase in the women’s rates of employment and labor force participation.

Since 2005 there is an upward trend in female labor force participation force due to growing number of women shifting from working in agriculture to salaried work.Women’s employment rate according to turkish statistics in 2004 was 20.8 rose to 26.7 at the end of 2014.According to figures it is observed that women are mostly employed in the service sector with a rate of 49.9%.Women’s employment rate in the agricultural sector which was 50.8% in 2004 decreased to 33%.

The government has taken various measures in the past decade to create employment opportunities in the formal sector and to remove gender related barriers to education and employment.Introduction of compulsory education Law , Employment package 2008, Treasury Support to the credit guarantee fund for women entrepreneurs, Board of National Monitoring and Coordination of Women’s employment constituted.

Many projects are being run at national , regional and local levels for socio economic empowerment of women.Some examples ı can site are ; Equality at Work Platform  , this platform aims to minimize the gender gap in the field of economic participation and opportunities in Turkey. Trainings are held for women vocational courses given by turkish employment agency işkur , trainings for women farmers 4000 women were trained in all 81 provinces.Small and medium industry development organization kosgeb credit supports , micro loan practices for women who have idea to do business and in this way to improve their self confidence.Development agencies are available for reducing inter-regional disparities and achieving regional development.The agencies support the projects aimed at promoting women’s labor force participation.Lastly the ministry of food , agriculture and husbandry provides Project supports for rural development cooperatives and the ministry of customs and trade offers Project supports for other cooperatives such as small enterprises and crafts to encourage women’s cooperatives.

Besides governmental actions taken to increase women labor force participation çivil society organizations like c20 work locally , nationally and internationally .The idea to create this policy and advocacy platform to tackle inequalities was given in Turkish G20Presidency  meeting.As a policy and advocacy platform the c20 brings together civil society organizations from around the World to engage with G20 Governments on key issues of mutual concern. Female labor force participation has crucial importance for Turkey and necessary actions are taken to increase this number both by government and çivil society organizations