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Information on Member States

Austria

Capital Vienna
Geographical Size 83,879 km2
Population 8,507,786 (2014)
GDP € 329.296 billion (2014)
Official Languages German
Political System Federal Parliamentary Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 January 1995
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Belgium

Capital Brussels
Geographical Size 30,528 km2
Population 11,203,992 (2014)
GDP € 402.027 billion (2014)
Official Languages Dutch, French and German
Political System Federal Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
EU Member Country Since 1 January 1958 (Founding member)
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Bulgaria

Capital Sofia
Geographical Size 111,002 km2
Population 7,245,677 (2014)
GDP € 42.011 billion (2014)
Official Languages Bulgarian
Political System Parliamentary Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 January 2007
Currency Bulgarian Lev
Schengen Area member? No

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Croatia

Capital Zagreb
Geographical Size 56,594 km2
Population 4,246,700 (2014)
GDP € 43.085 billion (2014)
Official Languages Croatian
Political System Parliamentary Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 July 2013
Currency Croatian Kuna
Schengen Area member? No

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Cyprus

Capital Nicosia
Geographical Size 9,251 km2
Population 858,000 (2014)
GDP € 17.506 billion (2014)
Official Languages Greek
Political System Presidential Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 May 2004
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? No

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Czech Republic

Capital Prague
Geographical Size 78,867 km2
Population 10,512,419 (2014)
GDP € 154.739 billion (2014)
Official Languages Czech
Political System Parliamentary Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 May 2004
Currency Czech Koruna
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Denmark

Capital Copenhagen
Geographical Size 42,921 km2
Population 5,627,235 (2014)
GDP € 257.444 billion (2014)
Official Languages Danish
Political System Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
EU Member Country Since 1 January 1973
Currency Danish Krone
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Estonia

Capital Tallinn
Geographical Size 45,227 km2
Population 1,315,819 (2014)
GDP € 19.525 billion (2014)
Official Languages Estonian
Political System Parliamentary Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 May 2004
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Finland

Capital Helsinki
Geographical Size 338,435 km2
Population 5,451,270 (2014)
GDP € 205.178 billion (2014)
Official Languages Finnish ve Swedish
Political System Parliamentary Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 January 1995
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

France

Capital Paris
Geographical Size 632,833.6 km2
Population 65,856,609 (2014)
GDP € 2.132 trillion (2014)
Official Languages French
Political System Semi-presidential Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 January 1958 (Founding member)
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Germany

Capital Berlin
Geographical Size 357,340 km2
Population 80,780,000 (2014)
GDP € 2.904 trillion (2014)
Official Languages German
Political System Federal Parliamentary Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 January 1958 (Founding member)
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Greece

Capital Athens
Geographical Size 131,957 km2
Population 10,992,589 (2014)
GDP € 179.081 billion (2014)
Official Languages Greek
Political System Parliamentary Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 January 1981
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Hungary

Capital Budapest
Geographical Size 93,024 km2
Population 9,879,000 (2014)
GDP € 103.217 billion (2014)
Official Languages Hungarian
Political System Parliamentary Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 May 2004
Currency Hungarian Forint
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Ireland

Capital Dublin
Geographical Size 69,797 km2
Population 4,604,029 (2014)
GDP € 185.412 billion (2014)
Official Languages Irish and English
Political System Parliamentary Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 January 1973
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? No

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Italy

Capital Rome
Geographical Size 302,073 km2
Population 60,782,668 (2014)
GDP € 1.616 trillion (2014)
Official Languages Italian
Political System Parliamentary Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 January 1958 (Founding member)
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Latvia

Capital Riga
Geographical Size 64,573 km2
Population 2,001,468 (2014)
GDP € 24.060 billion (2014)
Official Languages Latvian
Political System Parliamentary Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 May 2004
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Lithuania

Capital Vilnius
Geographical Size 65,300 km2
Population 2,943,472 (2014)
GDP € 36.309 billion (2014)
Official Languages Lithuanian
Political System Parliamentary Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 May 2004
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Luxembourg

Capital Luxembourg
Geographical Size 2,586 km2
Population 549,680 (2014)
GDP € 49.428 billion (2014)
Official Languages French and German
Political System Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
EU Member Country Since 1 January 1958 (Founding member)
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Malta

Capital Valletta
Geographical Size 316 km2
Population 425,384 (2014)
GDP € 7.912 billion (2014)
Official Languages Maltese and English
Political System Parliamentary Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 May 2004
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Netherlands

Capital Amsterdam
Geographical Size 41,540 km2
Population 16,829,289 (2014)
GDP € 662.770 billion (2014)
Official Languages Dutch
Political System Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
EU Member Country Since 1 January 1958 (Founding member)
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Poland

Capital Warsaw
Geographical Size 312,679 km2
Population 38,495,659 (2014)
GDP € 413.134 billion (2014)
Official Languages Polish
Political System Parliamentary Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 May 2004
Currency Polish Złoty
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Portugal

Capital Lisbon
Geographical Size 92,225 km2
Population 10,427,301 (2014)
GDP € 173.044 billion (2014)
Official Languages Portuguese
Political System Semi-presidential Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 January 1986
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Romania

Capital Bucharest
Geographical Size 238,391 km2
Population 19,942,642 (2014)
GDP € 150.019 billion (2014)
Official Languages Romanian
Political System Semi-presidential Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 January 2007
Currency Romanian Leu
Schengen Area member? No

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Slovakia

Capital Bratislava
Geographical Size 49,035 km2
Population 5,415,949 (2014)
GDP € 75.215 billion (2014)
Official Languages Slovak
Political System Parliamentary Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 May 2004
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Slovenia

Capital Ljubljana
Geographical Size 20,273 km2
Population 2,061,085 (2014)
GDP € 37.246 billion (2014)
Official Languages Slovenian
Political System Parliamentary Republic
EU Member Country Since 1 May 2004
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? Yes

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Spain

Capital Madrid
Geographical Size 505,970 km2
Population 46,507,760 (2014)
GDP € 1.058 trillion (2014)
Official Languages Spanish
Political System Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
EU Member Country Since 1 January 1986
Currency Euro
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

Sweden

Capital Stockholm
Geographical Size 438,574 km2
Population 9,644,864 (2014)
GDP € 430.258 billion (2014)
Official Languages Swedish
Political System Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
EU Member Country Since 1 January 1995
Currency Swedish Krona
Schengen Area member? Yes

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.

United Kingdom

Capital London
Geographical Size 248,528 km2
Population 64,308,261 (2014)
GDP € 2.223 trillion (2014)
Official Languages English
Political System Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy
EU Member Country Since 1 January 1973
Currency Pound Sterling
Schengen Area member? No

Please click here to access European Commission's web page for further information.